What Is CBD?
Cannabidiol (CBD) is the main
active compound found in industrial hemp, and it has
significant medical benefits. Unlike THC, it won't get
you "high", which makes it an appealing option. CBD is
just one of hundreds of cannabinoids, terpenes, and
phytonutrients present in industrial hemp and beneficial
to your overall health and wellness.
Cannabidiol (CBD) is just one
of over 85 naturally-occurring constituents identified
in the hemp plant. The most abundant non-psychoactive
cannabinoid found in hemp, CBD is becoming increasingly
popular due to highly publicized exposure in the media
and the wide scope of its benefits on health and
wellness. Clinical reports and mounds of test data
showing little to no side effects and a lack of the
psycho-activity typically associated with marijuana
products and high THC levels have also contributed to
CBD's rise in popularity. CBD will not adversely affect
sensory awareness, perception, consciousness, reaction
time, or behavior.
Cannabinoids, which can be
either consumed or produced naturally by the body, are
chemical compounds that interact with the
endocannabinoid system (ECS), our body's central
regulatory system. The ECS, a physiological system first
discovered in the late 1980's, regulates the body's
general state of balance, impacting such functions as
mood, sleep, appetite, hormone regulation, and pain and
Cannabinoids have been found to
have antioxidant and neuroprotectant properties, making
them useful in a wide variety of health and wellness
applications. In addition to its positive effects on the
endocannabinoid system, CBD has been the focus of more
than 23,000 published studies about cannabinoids in
relation to various medical indications.
A Valuable Commodity
Hemp (Cannabis sativa l.) is an
ancient plant that has been cultivated for millennia by
A piece of hemp fabric is one of the oldest artifacts
found on the planet and the Declaration of Independence
was drafted on hemp paper.
The History Of Hemp
* Kentucky quietly passes SB 218,
clarifying the role of the KDA in relation to Kentucky's
* The 2017 Omnibus Spending Bill passes,
including previous hemp language and clearly
articulating state/international line transportation.
* Expectations of the introduction
of The Hemp Farming Act of 2017 are high.
* The USDA, in conjunction with
co-signers from DEA/DOJ and FDA/HSS, issues a Statement
of Principles that signifies the federal acceptance of
* NIFA, part of the USDA,
announces that it will accept hemp-related projects for
* The Kentucky Department of
Agriculture (KDA) clarifies its support of hemp,
hemp-derived CBD, and corresponding agricultural
development for its farmers and processors.
* Various other governmental
actors, including Senate Majority Leader Mitch
McConnell, provide further written support for hemp as
an agricultural commodity.
* The KDA issues its 2017 Policy
Guide, the nascent hemp industry's most significant
* A U.S. Agricultural
Appropriations Bill contains an amendment allowing for
the movement of hemp plant matter, including seeds,
across state lines.
* Congress signs the Omnibus Act,
which further protects our partnering farm's program by
preventing federal monies from being spent to "prohibit
the transportation, processing, sale, or use of
industrial hemp that is grown or cultivated in
accordance with" Section 7606 of the U.S. Farm Bill.
* U.S. Farm Bill (Section 7606)
creates a federal structure for state-level industrial
hemp pilot programs engaging in growth, cultivation, and
marketing. Corresponding state legislation and
regulatory structure provides a federally legal
architecture for low-THC hemp production.
* All cannabis, including hemp, is
not federally approved, regulated, or lawful except
under DEA license as a Schedule 1 drug agricultural
commodity (i.e., food).
* Hemp imports of material sourced
from stalk and seed only had increased materially since
a 2004 9th Circuit ruling where HIA won the right to
import hemp products, expressly omitting inclusion of
the hemp flower.
* By 2010, hemp foods are an
essential staple in millions of individual's diets. Tens
of thousands of hemp acres are grown in Canada. Over 30
countries product industrial hemp including Australia,
China, Great Britain, France, Russia, and Canada.
* The U.S. Pure Food and Drug Act
is passed, regulating the labeling of products
containing alcohol, opiates, cocaine, and cannabis,
* In 1914, The Harrison Act
defined use of marijuana as a crime.
* In 1937, Congress passed the
Marijuana Tax Act which criminalized marijuana. Dr.
William C. Woodward testifies before Congress on behalf
of the AMA stating "The American Medical Association
knows of no evidence that marijuana is a dangerous drug"
and warned that a prohibition "loses sight of the fact
that future investigation may show that there are
substantial medical uses for Cannabis."
* Cannabis is removed from the
U.S. Pharmacopoeia and its medicinal use is no longer
recognized in America in 1941.
* In 1957, hemp is banned in the
U.S. due to misconceptions around different types of
* The Controlled Substances Act of
1970 recognizes hemp as marijuana.
* In 1971, the first evidence is
found suggesting that marijuana may help glaucoma
* Nabilone, a cannabinoid-based
medication, appears in 1975.
* California, the first state to
ban marijuana use, became the first state to re-legalize
medical marijuana in 1996.
* Cannabis is added to The U.S.
* Abraham Lincoln uses hemp seed
oil to fuel his household lamps.
* French, Irish, and British
physicians publish cannabis research in medical
* CBN, a cannabinoid is identified
* In 1895, American chemists
isolate what they think is the active component in
* American farmers are required by
law to grow hemp in Virginia and other colonies.
* The Declaration of Independence
is drafted on hemp paper.
* Medical marijuana appears in The
New England Dispensatory.
Legality of Hemp
The Agricultural Act of 2014
(2014 Farm Bill) changed the legal status of hemp in the
United States. Section 7606 of that bill conveyed the
ability to grow, cultivate, process, and market hemp to
state Departments of Agriculture and institutions of
higher learning as long as research projects in
accordance with state and federal law were conducted. In
order to be federally legal, hemp must be industrial.
The Kentucky Department of Agriculture is the authority
on whether or not something is true industrial hemp, and
as such, we comply with their testing.
Passage of the 2014 Farm Bill
opened a small path to accessing this American-grown
superfood, but it wasn't until issuance of a Statement
of Principles by the USDA (co-signed by the DOJ/DEA and
HHS/FDA) in August, 2016, that federal agencies had a
legal basis for the broad acceptance of industrial hemp.
Most of the legal questions regarding the movement of
industrial hemp and hemp-derived products over state and
international lines were removed by recent
Stemming from its long history
as the dominant American supplier of industrial hemp
products, Kentucky's leadership in hemp reform has
ensured that Kentucky's farmers and processors are in
the vanguard of this re-emerging agricultural commodity.
In a jurisdiction famous for its farmers and its hemp,
Kentucky-grown industrial hemp enjoys the clarity of
rules designed to regulate the agricultural production
of a re-purposed crop.
Every human possesses this
advanced physiological system that is already making
cannabinoid-like structures that foster cellular balance
throughout nearly every biological system in the body.
Research seems to indicate that the ECS might function
more properly and efficiently through the introduction
of hemp-derived cannabinoids like CBD.
The endocannabinoid system is
perhaps the most important system involvedin
establishing and maintaining human health. The ECS is
involved in regulating a variety of physiological and
cognitive processes including fertility, appetite,
pain-sensation, mood, and memory. With its complex
actions in our immune system, nervous system, and all of
the body's organs, the endocannabinoid system is
literally a bridge between the body and mind. By
understanding this styem, we begin to see a mechanism
that explains how states of consciousness can promote
health or disease.
Found on the surface of your
cells, cannabinoid receptors are present throughout the
body and "listen" to the environment around each cell.
Information on current conditions is transmitted to the
cells by cannabinoid receptors, and therefore they
jump-start the proper cellular response if necessary.
Properly functioning receptors create homeostasis in the
body's cells to keep you healthy and operating at your
peak. The most-studied receptors are CB1, found mainly
in the nervous system, and CB2, which occur in organs
like the stomach, heart, and liver.
Present in all humans, vertebrates,
and many invertebrates
* Consists of CB1 & CB2 receptors
* Receptors exist throughout the
body in the brain, digestive system, lymphatic system,
nervous system, etc.
*Taught in only 13% of medical,
nursing & pharmacy programs
* Responsible for homeostasis;
regulation of breath, inflammation, immune response,
mood, pain, GI motility, neuroprotection, hormone
balance, circadian rhythms, blood pressure, tumor
surveillance, and reproduction.
* Can be activated by exercise,
e.g. "runner's high", or during osteopathic manipulation